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“The wealthy and well-connected. The increasing popularity of palm oil is one of the major causes of deforestation because, like corn and soy, it has oozed its way into so many of our modern consumer products. Tropical forest known as one of the greatest bastions of biodiversity in this planet receives a major threat poses by rapid deforestation. Small-scale logging and coal-making operations at the lower areas of the Sierra Madre mountain range Along with other Southeast Asian countries deforestation in the Philippines is a major environmental issue. The Philippines is among the countries that are losing their forest cover fast, ranking 4th in the world’s top 10 most threatened forest hotspots. But it is still not enough. The … 1.0 Introduction Studies show that a pair of Philippine eagle needs at least 7,000 to 13,000 hectares of forest as a nesting territory. The Philippines' evident risk to natural disasters is due to its location. Rina Chandran, Thomson Reuters Foundation Posted at Mar 11 05:52 PM. If the deforestation rate of 157,400 hectares per year continues, the country’s remaining forest cover will be wiped out in less than 40 years. Deforestation In The Philippines 851 Words4 Pages Deforestation in Indonesia and the Philippines Deforestation has become a major concern worldwide for the last century. Effects of Deforestation on Indigenous People in the Philippines Destruction of Homelands The indigenous people who live there and depend on the forest to maintain their way of life are also under pressure as vast quantities of trees are cleared away, leaving exposed soil to where and die and the habitats of countless species to be destroyed. Deforestation is a major driver of terrestrial habitat loss and habitat fragmentation and contributes to global warming. There were only 19 million Filipinos, according to the 1940 census. Deforestation in the Philippines . The said statement, according to veteran journalist Marites Dañguilan-Vitug, is a “doublespeak.”  In an article she wrote for “World Paper,” a Boston-based magazine, she explained: “For, in reality, over 20 years (1965-1985) he used his power to grant and revoke licenses of logging concessions to enrich himself, his family and his friends. that underlie deforestation in the Philippines and submits that ways of reconciling conflicting interests must be found to foster the wise use of forest resources. In an article he penned for “Philippine Daily Inquirer,” he surmised that when Marcos came to power “serious deforestation began.”  Before Marcos became president, there were only 58 companies issued with timber licenses; it swelled to 412 during his presidency. Researchers agree that climate change is a fact.Temperatures have been increasing. This has been widespread in the Philippines and now the government is trying to reverse its effects. Climate changes have increased quickly and are continuing to rise throughout the years. “Forests were decimated at an astonishing rate of 300,000 hectares per year,” Tan deplored. Deforestation, clearing or thinning of forests by humans to make the land available for other uses. In the Philippines, the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) has the highest reported cases of forest fires. It poses threats and then follows through with those threats unless they are stopped beforehand. Learn about historical and modern deforestation and its effects. The Philippines The islands that make up the Philippines used to be all forested. The fifth largest island in the Philippines, Palawan is a present-day agricultural frontier that Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement “We have laid to waste millions of hectares of forest land, as though heedless of the tragic examples of the countries of Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, where large areas have become barren, if not desertified,” Alvarez said. Philippines Deforestation Threats and Reforestation Issues. The Magat Dam reservoir has been reported to cut its probable life span of 100 years to 25 years. “It’s a slow creeping enemy that soon possesses the land.”, As a result, food production is jeopardized. The global climate change and its consequences are leaving a bad impact on the countries to face poverty and hotter temperatures. Combatting deforestation in Palawan, Philippines Illegal deforestation leads to murders of forest protectors in 2017 and to calls for the "militarization of conservation". the population crisis in the Philippines grows bigger each year. “Poverty, lack of jobs and wages, and absence of farm lots in the lowlands have forced some people to invade the forest,” commented former Senator Heherson Alvarez, who served as environment secretary during the administration of Corazon Aquino. However, terrorism can be taken care of and stopped by other countries through war. Deforestation is a loss of hectares of land covered in trees in lieu of other uses such as commercial and agricultural developments. The removal of forest cover has bolstered soil erosion in the uplands. However, the deforestation rate isn’t as high anymore since the country’s peak years during the 1980s to the 1990s. “At the rate our forests are getting destroyed, many species many no longer be around when we need them,” Alimoane said. One way people take out trees for agriculture us is a process called “slash and burn”. Environmental pollution becomes the critical part of our environment. Another thing is that Sumatra’s Riau province in Indonesia is where the fastest rate of deforestation is happening. "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Measures in the Philippines Project, funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) under its International Climate Initiative.The BMU supports this Initiative based on … Deforestation in the Philippines Despite this abundance of troubling information, the demand for palm oil products continue to defy logic, with the industry expecting to continue growing exponentially in … Deforestation in the Philippines. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. “Where have all our forests gone?” asked Roy C. Alimoane, the director of Davao-based Mindanao Baptist Rural Life Center. Spreading cities have also contributed to decimation of forests. By 2020, the population will surge to 111.7 million, National Statistical Coordination Board projects. But due to massive forest exploitation, excessive annual cuts and weak reforestation efforts it dropped to less than 20%. In the past, forest resources helped fuel the country’s economy. Ecology project of PJ Pusing and Micah Herda. 1990 Philippine Forestry Statistics Get to Know Us More The Forest Management Bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources provides technical guidance to the central and field offices for the effective protection, development, and conservation of forestlands and watersheds. Asia's rapid urbanization, deforestation linked to deadly viruses. Copyright © 2009 - 2020, Gaia Discovery. “Rapid forest loss has eliminated habitat for unique and threatened plant and animal species,” Mogerlgaard observed. During the 20th century the Philippine Forests covers almost 70%. Likewise, the remaining of it is due to pulpwood plantations. Overpopulation is 1 of the most pressing environmental and social issue bcos over population leads to global warming, pollution, hunger, sixth mass extinction, habitat loss, unemployment and more. The rivers flooded and people were crushed by logs or drowned. “Deforestation is a symptom of a bigger problem,” says Nicolo del Castillo, an architect by profession who teaches at the University of the Philippines. The Philippines is among the countries that are losing their forest cover fast, ranking 4th in the world’s top 10 most threatened forest hotspots. . INTRODUCTION The stages of deforestation and focus of the case study. All rights reserved. Between 1990 and 2005, one-third of the Philippines’ forest cover was lost. In the Philippines, deforestation is a major problem causing lots of destruction not only to the environment, but also to the people, climate, live stocks etc. What were once rainforests in the Philippines have mainly turned into … Aside from logging (whether legal or illegal), other causes of deforestation in the Philippines are forest fires, “kaingin” farming (slash-and-burn agriculture), and mining operations. deforestation Philippines Biodiversity In 2011, Typhoon Sendong brought 12 hours of continuous rain to Mindanao Island. My ethnographic focus is upon Palawan Island. Deforestation in the Philippines is a pressing environmental issue. Tragedy took place after that. Slowing down the rate of global warming is the main agenda of the nation today .This can be done by conserving. Tropical forests have the highest impact rate when it comes to deforestation due to agriculture. When Ferdinand Magellan “rediscovered” the Philippines in 1521, forests blanketed 95% of the country. 22. They let exports, without a permit, log outside authorized areas in return for a bribe. Over the years, environmental pollution has seen an epidemic growth.   In 2011, a large flood occurred in the Philippines affecting about 338,000 people throughout 13 different provinces. Volcanic eruptions have also devastated some of the country’s tropical rainforests. When he was still the head of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Michael Defensor admitted that “only 30% of reforestation projects succeeded.”  In a Subic meeting of local executives, he told them: “People hardly recognize the economic benefits from protecting the environment. Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.In addition, the country is surrounded by large bodies of water and facing the Pacific Ocean where 60% of … Between 1985 and 2001, about 56% of protected lowland tropical forests in Kalimantan were cut down. This unpublished précis seeks to identify the conflicts that underlie deforestation in the Philippines and submits that ways of reconciling conflicting interests must be … Philippine Deforestation: Final Paper Deforestation is one of the most crucial problem of the Philippines today, because of poor economic performance, weak polices, legal institutions and government laws, increasing population, poverty, corruption , agricultural expansion and lastly, extensive commercial logging activities. Cambodia relies heavily on their production of rice and fish and due to the increase in temperatures these sources of production are threatened and, The demands of ever growing population has a profound impact on the environment and human conditions .Human activity in Singapore has generated many economic gains but at the cost of huge impact on the environment, including loss of biodiversity and ecosystems , which in turn has resulted in many social, economic and cultural losses. “Rivers and streams also carry eroded soil to the coasts, where it interferes with fish nursery areas.”. In the tropics, only the topsoil is highly fertile, so when the nutrient-rich soil is gone, people cut down more trees to find more fertile topsoil. “Asphalt is often the last harvest for many forests,” the late National Scientist Dioscoro Umali, a Ramon Magsaysay Award recipient, once said. Follow us on twitter! Some negative consequences of deforestation also include the disruption of water cycle and climate change. The “flooding problems,” said Aquino in his 2011 SONA, “are caused by the incessant and illegal cutting down of trees.”, Filipinos are urged to stop cutting trees now and preserve the remaining forests the country has. More than 400 plant and animal species found in the country are currently threatened with extinction, including the Philippine eagle and tamaraw, according to the World Conservation Union. The rise of deforestation in the Philippines is also largely the result of the palm oil industry. Philippine old growth forests were dominated by dipterocarp forests, which contain a mixture of varied dipterocarp trees along with timber species of other plant families (e.g., Mimosaceae, Moraceae, Fagaceae, Sapotaceae, Myrtaceae, Euphorbiaceae) and numerous members of lesser-used species. The high demand for more farmland helps drive the need to cut down more trees, which in turn, contributes to deforestation. Small fragments of forest typically exist after deforestation, urbanization, or other modified lands that are totally unsuitable for most species that occupied in the forest whether by nature or design. Volcanic eruptions have also devastated some of the country’s tropical rainforests. The forests became his grand political tool.”. Scientists have concluded that El Niño is one of the main culprits of forest fires. Both El Niñno and La Niñna episodes in the Pacific Oceans introduce high variability into the Deforestation in Indonesia and the Philippines Deforestation has become a major concern worldwide for the last century. The aim of this essay is to compare deforestation in two countries with high deforestation rates, which are The Philippines and Indonesia by looking at the incidence of, We found that the deforestation rate in Indonesia and the Philippines is increasing continuously throughout the year. “Extensive soil erosion has resulted in the siltation of waterbeds, reservoirs and dams, and in the process shortening their productive life spans,” said Dr. Germelito Bautista, of the Ateneo de Manila University. It is said that the cause of this is oil palm plantations and it is about one-third of the total deforestation in Sumatra’s Riau province. When the Ormoc City, Leyte tragedy happened – which left 8,000 people dead – timber cover was only 18%. Toward the end of the Marcos regime, forest hectarage was down to 7.2 million hectares, “about half of what it was when he came to power.”, “Who had the privilege of cutting trees?” Vitug asked. Why is the country heading towards oblivion? “Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost,” noted Population Reference Bureau’s Kathleen Mogerlgaard. it has many types air pollution, water pollution, land pollution. ABSTRACT President Rodrigo Duterte blamed “squatters” or informal settlers for deforestation, which contributed to Luzon’s massive flooding during Typhoon Ulysses.. The rapid pace of deforestation, urbanization and road building are major factors in the spread of infectious diseases across Asia, including the coronavirus, health and environment experts said on Wednesday. A couple of years ago, the Philippine Congress released a study that said about 123,000 hectares of the country’s forest cover are lost every year. Widespread logging was responsible for much of the historical forest loss in the Philippines. Without forest, floods are expected to happen – not only in Metro Manila (which has no forest cover to speak of) but also in other parts of the country where deforestation continues. Many animal species have started to decrease in population due to the changes in the environment. “The productivity of the country’s agricultural lands and fisheries is declining as these (forest) areas become increasingly degraded and pushed beyond their capacity to produce,” said Mogerlgaard. according to the dictionary overpopulation the is condition of being populated w/ excessively Large num. Aside from logging (whether legal or illegal), other causes of deforestation in the Philippines are forest fires, “kaingin” farming (slash-and-burn agriculture), and mining operations. Even the forests in the lowlands – mangroves, that is – are not spared from denudation. But that’s not all. Ditto for typhoons, which have devastated considerable hectares of forest areas. In a briefing with Cabinet officials on Tuesday night, the President said low-income Filipinos would cut down trees to build their houses, which allegedly caused deforestation. The Philippines, with a deforestation rate of 1,900 hectares (4,695 acres) a day, will likely be completely denuded by 2025, forestry experts predict. This report demonstrates that what factors are responsible for pollution? The process of breaking up large patches of forest into smaller part is called forest fragmentation (Brown & Jacobson, 2005). This flood is known to be one of the causes of the deforestation that took place in the Philippines. “There has been a drop of 30% to 50% in the country’s water resources in the past 20 years or so,” pointed out Dr. Rafael D. Guerrero, former executive director of Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development. These phenomena may reduce biodiversity by making it more difficult for some species to either breed or find food (Wade, 2003). “I have seen fortunes made overnight from the forest and it makes my skin crawl to realize that there are many Filipinos who just don’t care about the future generations’ legacy in the way of forest resources,” said Ferdinand Marcos in 1978. We have to pay attention to the handwriting on the wall with respect to our forests.”, Tagged: Reforestation, deforestation, mangrove forest rehabilitation, the philippines. The Philippines is facing multiple crisis in the society such as terrorism, discrimination, poverty and the like. Changes in the conditions in the 'warm pool' in the Pacific region are reflected in the changes in the local climate system of the Philippines. According to the summary report of the Department of Environment and Natural, The rise of carbon emissions causes temperatures rises adding to the current crisis of global warming which threatens the economic prosperity of Cambodia. Moreover, money for logging supported candidates during election campaigns.”. “Soil erosion is an enemy to any nation – far worse than any outside enemy coming into a country and conquering it because it is an enemy you cannot see vividly,” reminded Harold Ray Watson, the 1985 Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for peace and international understanding. The frequency and intensity of forest fires was said to increase through time due to the drastic changes in weather condition brought by climate change (Rowell and Moore, 2000). Lorenzo Tan, the vice-chairman and chief executive officer of World Wildlife Fund-Philippines, agrees. The outcome: food crisis, devastation of lands and water resources, biodiversity facing extinction. Today, it is considered “a wood-pauper,” to quote the words of multi-awarded journalist Juan Mercado. Biodiversity face the greatest global threat due to the intensification and expansion of agriculture (Tilman, 2001; Donald, 2004 & Green, 2005). Between 1990 and 2005 the Philippines lost a third of its forest cover, according to FAO estimates, but the country's deforestation is down since its peak in the 1980s and 1990s. One of the most widespread problem is the overpopulation. Terrorism is also a rising problem throughout our world. “Deforestation is a symptom of a bigger problem,” says Nicolo del Castillo, an architect by profession who teaches at the University of the Philippines. Some even sold their rights to the forest concessions and lived off the green of the land. In the 1970s, Philippines was touted the prima donna among world timber exporters. Surging population has compounded the problem. Over the course of the 20th century, the forest cover of … Climate change impacts include temperature rise, greenhouse and carbon dioxide gas emissions, erratic rainfall, salinity intrusion, the rise of floods, cyclones, storm surges and draught, ice sheets melting which will seriously affect the agriculture, and the world. The U of I operates a 100-year-old nursery specializing in growing hardy tree seedlings. The pollution is increasing day by day and it has a negative impact on the environment. @ilovePeeJ teristically accompanies deforestation) provides the analytical focus to my paper. “They plant trees, but they do not ensure that the trees would remain standing after they leave,” he said. Unless reforestation is started, the study further stated, there would be no forest left in the country by 2036 – that’s exactly 23 years from now. “The loss of nutrient rich soil reduces crop yields and contributes to the expanded use of chemical fertilizers – a practice that can, in turn, pollute water resources,” Alimoane said. The Ambuklao Dam reservoir has had its life halved from 60 to 32 years as a result of siltation. It has been one of the most concerned global problems to people in different parts of the world. They lived in the big cities. American President Theodore Roosevelt once said, “A people without children would face a hopeless future; a country without trees is almost as helpless.”. Tropical forests lose thousands of acres daily due to agricultural use. Most sabotaged the program.”, The bluntness seemed to echo an earlier study of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, entitled “Sustainable Forest Management,” which stated, “Most of the (Philippines’) once rich forest are gone. “If we have not, in fact, reached this state, we are almost at the point of irreversibility.”, Dr. Ernesto Guiang, a forestry consultant, echoed the same concern: “We are now at the eleventh hour. Forest recovery, through natural and artificial means, never coped with the destruction rate.”. . President Benigno S. Aquino III, in his state of the nation address (SONA) in 2011, stated that most politicians use one possible solution – that of tree planting – as a photo opportunity. The Philippines is losing approximately 47,000 hectares of forest cover every year, according to the data provided by the Forest Management … If the deforestation rate of 157,400 hectares per year continues, the country’s remaining forest cover will be wiped out in less than 40 years. Jose Ma. Water crisis is looming. This will eventually result in a strong impetus to serious environmental problems such as climate changes, floods and. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. It has been one of the most concerned global problems to people in different parts of the world. Realizing the problem in the Philippines could be solved by reforestation, Loreca emailed Dr. Anthony S. Davis, Tom Alberg and Judi Beck Chair in Natural Resources in the University of Idaho’s Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences. Dr. “The Philippine eagle has become critically endangered species because the loss of the forest had made it lose its natural habitat,” said ex-president Fidel V. 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