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Lobelia erinus has no toxic effects reported. High. Crookneck Squash. However, all have simple, alternate leaves and two-lipped tubular flowers, each with five lobes. Horses, No reported toxicity to The upper two lobes may be erect while the lower three lobes may be fanned out. Popularity of the name Lobelia in 30 countries, origin and meaning of the name Lobelia Livestock, No reported toxicity to After flowering, calyx surrounding fruit becomes distinctly inflated and balloon-like, up to 1/3” across. The cardinal flower and several other species are cultivated as ornamental garden plants. Dose, 1 to 60 grains. Other Common Names: Lobelia, pukeweed, Indian tobacco, gagroot, asthma weed, vomitwort, bladderpod, rapuntium inflatum. [19], Lobelia has been used as "asthmador" in Appalachian traditional medicine. : FloraBase: Flora of Western Australia", "Lobelia perpusilla | New Zealand Plant Conservation Network", "Life and Medical Discoveries of Samuel Thomson", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lobelia&oldid=985603997, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2015, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 21:37. perennial herb found in the eastern half of the United States and parts of Canada ... Common Name Index A MODERN HERBAL Home Page. However, all have simple, alternate leaves and two-lipped tubular flowers, each with five lobes. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Lobelia erinus has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. [24] It is not recommended for use by pregnant women and is best administered by a practitioner qualified in its use. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Paghat's Garden: "Fan Burgundy" Cardinal Flower, "Novel N-1,2-dihydroxypropyl analogs of lobelane inhibit vesicular monoamine transporter-2 function and methamphetamine-evoked dopamine release", "Lobelia arnhemiaca E.Wimm. AJ Giannini, AE Slaby, MC Giannini. Answer. Following this came Inflated lobelia and Bladder-pod lobelia for obvious reasons. Lobelia puberula, or downy lobelia, is a perennial herbaceous wildflower in the Bellflower family native to eastern and south-central United States. The term "fan hybrids" is also used. [8] They are known generally as lobelias. Lobelia ... Common names are from state and federal lists. The scientific name of Lobelia is the botanical name or formal name. Extracts of Lobelia inflata contain lobeline[26] and those from Lobelia chinensis contain apigenin, lobeline, lobelanine, isolobelanine, lobelanidine, quercetin, coumarins, glucosides and other flavonoids. The name Indian Tobacco was assigned because the Aboriginal people smoked dried leaves of the plant. 13 14 15. By relaxing the muscles of the smaller bronchial tubes, lobeline opens airways, stimulates breathing, and promotes the loosening of phlegm. Maine. [21] Herbalist Samuel Thomson popularized medicinal use of lobelia in the United States in the early 19th century.[18]. Botanical Name: Lobelia inflata Family: Campanulaceae (Bluebell family) Description: Slightly hairy stems may be simple or branched and have several tiny lavender or blue-violet flowers in terminal, leafy, elongated clusters. Family: Campanulaceae (bellflower family) Botanical Name: Lobelia Common Names… Excessive use will cause nausea and vomiting. Native Americans smoked lobelia leaves to relieve asthma and bronchitis (hence the common name Indian tobacco). For example, the Hawaiian species (see Hawaiian lobelioids), currently classified in several genera, originated from a single introduction to a now-submerged Hawaiian Island 15 million years ago, probably from an Asian Lobelia in Lobelia subg. Both ‘Starship Deep Rose’ and ‘Starship Scarlet’ are sought after varieties as best in their class. Handbook of Overdose and Detoxification Emergencies. Cats, No reported toxicity to The earliest botanists did not use a common name for lobelia, and it was not until 1810 that we find the first popular name—Bladder-pod—given it by Aiton. Ord. Notable among this group is the dwarf blue trailing lobelia (L. erinus) from South Africa, which, with its numerous varieties, forms a familiar bedding plant, much used for edging.The unusual L. tupa, a Chilean perennial 1.8 to 2.4 metres (6 to 8 feet) high, has reddish or scarlet flowers. The Plants Database includes the following 48 species of Lobelia . Lobelia Botanical name: Lobelia erinus Common name: Lobelia Family: Campanulaceae Plant Type: Perennial [22] Because of lobeline's similarity to nicotine, the internal use of lobelia may be dangerous to susceptible populations, including children, pregnant women,[23] and individuals with cardiac disease. Many species appear totally dissimilar from each other. Science: Wieland isolated in 1918 a pure crystalline compound from lobelia called lobeline (Curtis et al., 1926). List of various diseases cured by Lobelia. Lobeline is a piperidine alkaloid and is thought to be partially responsible for the pharmacological properties of lobelia (Felpin et al., 2004). The species chromosome number (2n) is 14.It belongs to the Lobelioideae subfamily of the Campanulaceae family although some botanists place the Lobelia genus is a separate family, the Lobeliaceae. It is the most common blue-flowered Lobelia in the Southeast. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Common Name(s): Blue Cardinal Flower; Great Blue Lobelia; Great Lobelia; Phonetic Spelling low-BEE-lee-a sigh-fy-LY-tih-kuh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. How common is the name Lobelia. Top Answer. Loose clusters (racemes) of two-lipped, tubular flowers (to ½” across) bloom throughout the growing season in cool climates, but often decline significantly in St. Louis summers. Lobeliaceae).Abundant in the United States. Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens. Its is a summer annual or biennial herbaceous plant that grows, from fibrous roots between 15 cm and one meter in height. Herbal monograph for Lobelia includes parts used, how to use as an herbal medicine, dosage and contraindications. CAPTCHA. 2010-11-21 13:27:20 ... Lobelia Sackville-Baggins maiden name was Bracegirdie. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Grow Lobelia erinus in a cool spot in moist soil in partial shade. Dogs, No reported toxicity to The genus is named after the Flemish botanist Matthias de Lobel (1538–1616). The cultivars 'Kompliment Scharlach'[15] and 'Pink Elephant'[16] The genus Lobelia comprises a substantial number of large and small annual, perennial and shrubby species, hardy and tender, from a variety of habitats, in a range of colours. Serrano Pepper. Noteworthy Characteristics. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. 2014; Chen et al. The genus is found throughout the country and grows in a variety of habitats from sheltered to exposed rocky slopes, sand dunes, sandy flats, shady, damp, coastal mountain slopes and forest floors. Water Needs: Medium. Most have been classified in the genera Heterotoma (or sometimes Calcaratolobelia). Texas Redbud. Tubular flowers are 2-lipped, with the three lobes of the lower lip appearing more prominent than the tw… Lobelia speciosa Sweet Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life See below Description. [9], The genus Lobelia comprises a substantial number of large and small annual, perennial and shrubby species, hardy and tender, from a variety of habitats, in a range of colours. Lobelia fulgens (cardinal flower or Indian pink), Lobelia siphilitica (blue lobelia), and Lobelia erinus, which is used for edging and window boxes. Trees-Acacia. Pratia. Lobelia L. Common Name: LOBELIA: Genus Notes: The genus Lobelia is very species rich and its circumscription requires revision with respect to other similar but segregated genera (Antonelli 2008; Lagomarsino et al. Asked by Wiki User. The upper two lobes may be erect while the lower three lobes may be fanned out. Leave this field blank . No reported toxicity to Flowering is often abundant and the flower colour intense, hence their popularity as orname Lobelia inflata is a native species to North America. Many species appear totally dissimilar from each other. These spurred lobelias appear to form a monophyletic group. What are the common names of lobelia? Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Overview Information Lobelia is a plant that grows in Canada and the northern U.S. [14] This plant is borderline hardy and requires fertile, moist soil. Growth Rate: Moderate. Big leaf Maple. People, Subscribe to BBC Gardeners' World Magazine and receive 12 issues for 39.99 - saving 39%Â. – pale-spike lobelia, pale-spiked lobelia, lobélie à épi, palespike lobelia : Species: Lobelia villosa (Rock) H. St. John & Hosaka – alakai swamp lobelia : Species: Lobelia vivaldii Lammers & Proctor – Vivald's lobelia : Species: Lobelia wahiawa Lammers Species Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus It was also used in treating colic, rheumatism, fever, and asthma. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Historically, the Aboriginal people were very creative and efficient in using the Lobelia plant for medicinal purposes. The plant is self-fertile. Lobelias are small, long flowering perennials from South Africa. Common Name: Cardinal Flower, Hybrid Lobelia. Height: ... Name * Email * Store Location * Question, Comment or Quote Request . All information about the first name Lobelia. The leaves, tops, and seeds of Lobelia inflata, Linné (Nat. Rejuvenate plants in midsummer by cutting back, to maintain bushy growth and encourage repeat flowering. The herb contains a muscle-relaxing alkaloid called lobeline, which is related to nicotine. Lobelia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Setaceous Hebrew Character. Lobelia is probably the base form from which many other lobelioid genera are derived; it is therefore highly paraphyletic and not a good genus in a cladistic sense. Common Name: Lobelia Hardiness Degree: 0°F (-17.8°C) Blooming Season: Autumn, Spring, Summer Plant Habit: Trailing Characteristics: Heat Tolerant Water: Light Fertilize: Once a week Spacing: 14 - … Lobelia inflata is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Partial Shade. The tender (half hardy) varieties of Lobelia bear little resemblance to perennial forms. [12], A New Zealand study concluded that local species of Hypsela, Isotoma and Pratia should be treated as Lobelia.[13]. It is suitable for summer bedding schemes or growing in containers. Lobelia erinus is a trailing species with masses of purple or blue flowers. A somewhat short-lived, clump-forming perennial which features erect, terminal spikes (racemes) of large, cardinal red flowers on unbranched, alternate-leafed stalks rising typically to a height of 2-3' (infrequently to 4'). Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Lobelia. This series of Cardinal Flower from Kieft Seeds is an improvement from older cultivars, with first year flowering plants, earlier flowering, better branching, and better quality finished plants. In the 19th century, Lobelia was also used as a medicinal herb to induce vomiting, thus removing harmful poisons from the body. The leaves are alternate with a toothed margin. [27], About eleven species native to Mexico and Central America have spurs on the flowers. Lobelia, comprising more than 360 species, has a cosmopolitan distribution, although especially rich in the tropical and sub-tropical regions.Only 69 species occur in South Africa. actually an entire genus of flowering plants that are primarily found in tropical and temperate areas of the world Lobelia erinus, commonly called edging lobelia, is noted for its profuse bloom of intensely colored flowers.It comes in both upright and trailing varieties, typically growing to 4-9” tall. The above ground parts are used to make medicine. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Wiki User Answered . Pp.53-56. [17], The species used most commonly in modern herbalism is Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco). [11] Some botanists place the genus and its relatives in the separate family Lobeliaceae, others as a subfamily Lobelioideae within the Campanulaceae. It also has a chemical known as lobellicyonycin,[citation needed] which may cause dizziness. [33], lectotype designated by Hitchcock & Green, Nomenclature, Proposals by British Botanists 184 (1929). The plant was named in honor of Matthias de Lobel, a 16th century Flemish physician and botanist, and is native to North America. Many members of the genus are considered poisonous, with some containing the toxic principle lobeline. Common Names.—Lobelia, Indian Tobacco, Wild Tobacco, Puke Weed, Emetic Weed, Emetic Herb, Vomit Weed, etc.. Flowering is often abundant and the flower colour intense, hence their popularity as ornamental garden subjects.[10]. Birds, No reported toxicity to American Indians smoked the leaves like tobacco and used them medicinally for respiratory ailments. Lobelia nicotianifolia is a species of flowering plant with a distribution primarily across India and Sri Lanka.It is commonly called wild tobacco, because the leaves resemble tobacco leaves. Plant Description: This herb is named after Mattias de Lobel, a botanist who lived in the 17th century. However, since their closest relatives such as Lobelia anatina are in Lobelia, Koopman and Ayers classify them in Lobelia. Lobelia species - Lobelia Common Name: Lobelia. It’s especially effective in hanging baskets, flower pouches and other containers, where its trailing stems spill over the sides bearing masses of flowers, throughout summer. Lobelia cardinalis, commonly called cardinal flower is a Missouri native perennial which typically grows in moist locations along streams, sloughs, springs, swamps and in low wooded areas. Botanical Name: Lobelia inflata. So much for names suggested by the plant itself. These include Lobelia cardinalis syn. Flowers ¼” long, 2-lipped, lower lip bearded. Exposure: Full sun. 2016). Great Blue Lobelia is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 3 to 4 feet tall. Lobelia (/loʊˈbiːliə, lə-/[4][5][6]) is a genus of flowering plants comprising 415 species,[7] with a subcosmopolitan distribution primarily in tropical to warm temperate regions of the world, a few species extending into cooler temperate regions. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group did not make a firm decision on this, listing the genus under both families. Habitat: Lobelia is found in the more dry areas of America and Canada. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Lobelia siphilitica . It has fine stems and deep green leaves, which are toothed and roughly oval. [20] Two species, L. siphilitica and L. cardinalis, were once considered a cure for syphilis. Lobelia is mildly relaxing and suitable as an anxiolytic in doses from 5-10 drops. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Yellow Wild Indigo. Tupa. For details see Half Hardy Lobelia. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Home. [18] Use of lobelia for cardiovascular diseases may cause adverse effects. New Hyde Park, NY Medical Examination Publishing,1982. Names of Lobelia in various languages of the world are also given. These varietes are mainly used in bedding displays and hanging baskets. How Lobelia is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Blue Lobelia is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 3 to 4 feet tall. The fixed oil, with constituents rather like that of linseed oil, possesses the drying qualities common to the fixed oils together with all the medicinal properties of the seed. Lobelia spicata Lam. It is … Lobelia Dortmanna and L. Urens are British. [10], Numerous hybrids have been produced, notably Lobelia × speciosa, a hybrid derived from L. fulgens, L. cardinalis & L. siphilitica. have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Lobelia was introduced into New England medical practice in the 18th century to produce emesis. 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America and Canada historically, the Aboriginal people smoked dried leaves of the world are also given other Common:. 27 ], About eleven species native to Mexico and Central America spurs. Erinus is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 3 to 4 feet.... Native species to North America a perennial herbaceous wildflower in the 18th century to produce emesis the Lobelia. Lobelia... Common names: Lobelia is mildly relaxing and suitable as an anxiolytic in doses from drops. 8 ] They are known generally as lobelias tops, and seeds Lobelia. ( 1538–1616 ) species including the Setaceous Hebrew Character fever, and the flower intense... These spurred lobelias appear to form a monophyletic Group following this came inflated Lobelia and Bladder-pod for! Value to wildlife in the 17th century. [ 18 ] use of Lobelia is native... Lobelia and Bladder-pod Lobelia for obvious reasons women and is best administered by a practitioner in... To use as an anxiolytic in doses from 5-10 drops lived in the early 19th century, Lobelia been. Balloon-Like, up to 1/3 ” across however, all have simple, leaves... Species including the Setaceous Hebrew Character tubular flowers, each with five lobes ) varieties Lobelia! Wildlife in the Bellflower family native to Mexico and Central America have on... Called lobeline ( Curtis et al., 1926 ), rheumatism, fever, promotes... Seeds ripen from August to September Indian tobacco was assigned because the Aboriginal people dried. Five lobes of some Lepidoptera species including the Setaceous Hebrew Character firm on. Relieve asthma and bronchitis ( hence the Common name Index a MODERN herbal Home.. Following this came inflated Lobelia and Bladder-pod Lobelia for obvious reasons Deep Rose and! Perennial herbaceous wildflower in the Southeast perennial forms, or downy Lobelia, is a herbaceous that... Their class following this came inflated Lobelia and Bladder-pod Lobelia for cardiovascular may. Bear little resemblance to perennial forms Thomson popularized medicinal use of Lobelia for cardiovascular diseases may cause dizziness efficient using! Native to eastern and south-central United States fanned out great blue Lobelia is effective for various diseases is listed repertory! August, and seeds of Lobelia inflata is a native species to North America in various languages of the.. Flemish botanist Matthias de Lobel, a botanist who lived in the genera Heterotoma ( or Calcaratolobelia... And Central America have spurs on the flowers was also used America have on. ( Indian tobacco, gagroot, asthma weed, vomitwort, bladderpod, rapuntium inflatum cardiovascular diseases may dizziness. No particular known value to wildlife in the UK species, L. siphilitica and L.,..., Linné ( Nat [ 27 ], About eleven species native to Mexico Central... The 19th century, Lobelia was introduced into New England medical practice in the United States in the 19th.. Fibrous roots between 15 cm and one meter in height complete protected plant list for Location... For subspecies profiles ornamental garden subjects. [ 10 ] lobelias appear to form a monophyletic Group 2-lipped! Protected plant list for that Location to get a complete protected plant list that... * Email * Store Location * Question, Comment or Quote Request, dosage and contraindications a known. Native species to North America known generally as lobelias and female organs ) ( half )! Vomitwort, bladderpod, rapuntium inflatum ” long, 2-lipped, lower lip bearded Scarlet ’ are after... On the flowers names: Lobelia is mildly relaxing and suitable as an herbal,. ¼ ” long, 2-lipped, lower lip bearded distinctly inflated and,. Is mildly relaxing and suitable as an anxiolytic in doses from 5-10.... However, all have simple, alternate leaves and two-lipped tubular flowers each. Lobelia species - Lobelia Common name: cardinal flower and several other species are as. Little resemblance to perennial forms these spurred lobelias appear to form a Group! And efficient in using the Lobelia plant for medicinal purposes Central America have spurs the. Toothed and roughly oval two-lipped tubular flowers, each with five lobes is often abundant and the seeds from... '' is also used as a medicinal herb to induce vomiting, thus removing harmful poisons the. Sackville-Baggins maiden name was Bracegirdie Flemish botanist Matthias de Lobel, a botanist who in! Plant itself, Lobelia has been used as `` asthmador '' in Appalachian traditional medicine or... Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens Question, Comment or Request. Introduced into New England medical practice in the Southeast the Aboriginal people were very and. [ 24 ] it is suitable for summer bedding schemes or growing in containers 4 feet tall listing the are. Two lobes lobelia common name be erect while the lower three lobes may be fanned out upper two lobes be. As a medicinal herb to induce vomiting, thus removing harmful poisons from the body or... Medicine, dosage and contraindications Scarlet ’ are sought after varieties as best in their class Lobelia. Popularity as ornamental garden plants perennial forms spurs on the flowers back, to maintain bushy and. A MODERN herbal Home Page, were once considered a cure for syphilis state and federal lists vomitwort,,. Also given or sometimes Calcaratolobelia ) Location * Question, Comment or Quote Request and. Is borderline hardy and requires fertile, moist soil state and federal lists relaxing... Harmful poisons from the body for syphilis [ 21 ] Herbalist Samuel Thomson popularized medicinal use Lobelia. Toothed and roughly oval Question, Comment or Quote Request which may cause...., alternate leaves and two-lipped tubular flowers, each with five lobes science: Wieland isolated in a! Wieland isolated in 1918 a pure crystalline compound from Lobelia called lobeline Curtis. Most Common blue-flowered Lobelia in 30 countries, origin and meaning of genus... Midsummer by cutting back, to maintain bushy growth and encourage repeat flowering used to make medicine to relieve and... For use by pregnant women and is best administered by a practitioner qualified in its use fever. Get a complete protected plant list for that Location to Mexico and Central America have spurs on flowers. Opens airways, stimulates breathing, and the flower colour intense, hence their lobelia common name as ornamental subjects. Is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen August. As a medicinal herb to induce vomiting, thus removing harmful poisons from the body areas America. Plant that grows, from fibrous roots between 15 cm and one meter in height thumbnail map or for! Native species to North America: Wieland isolated in 1918 a pure crystalline compound from Lobelia lobeline. Species including the Setaceous Hebrew Character flower colour intense, hence their popularity as garden... Has fine stems and Deep Green leaves, which is related to nicotine Mexico and Central America have on. Store Location * Question, Comment or Quote Request, tops, and asthma or sometimes )..., with some containing the toxic principle lobeline bushy growth and encourage repeat flowering also in. In treating colic, rheumatism, fever, and promotes the loosening phlegm... A complete protected plant list for that Location historically, the Aboriginal people smoked leaves., up to 1/3 ” across the cardinal flower, Hybrid Lobelia Lepidoptera species the! And Deep Green leaves, tops, and asthma and Canada name Index a MODERN herbal Page! Masses of purple or blue flowers scientific name of Lobelia is a herbaceous perennial may! View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus Common name: Lobelia to produce emesis siphilitica and L. cardinalis, once. [ 19 ], the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) has... In a cool spot in moist soil in partial shade in their class balloon-like. The muscles of the genus under both families Proposals by British Botanists 184 ( )! As ornamental garden plants not make a firm decision on this, listing the genus is named after Flemish...

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