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The generally-accepted solution to this was advanced by German historian Eduard Meyer, who argued (1913) that Polybius was so beguiled by Roman traditions that Hannibal caused the war by crossing the Ebro, that he didn’t notice (or glossed over) that – by his chronology – war broke out before Hannibal crossed the Ebro. 2. The Romans helped, … Second Punic War begins. Essay title: Second Punic War The cause of the Second Punic War is an issue of some great debate. The Second Punic War (spring 218 – 201 BC), also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second of three Punic Wars between the Roman Republic and Carthage, with the participation of Macedonia and Syracuse polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides. Causes of the Second Punic War. These wars were fought on three frontiers. connections to ensure that the War Party dominated the Mighty Ones.. The Roman historian Nepos (1st century bc) pedalled a rumour that Hamilcar was homosexual, and in a relationship with Hasdrubal the Fair (which is why he married his daughter to him); Diodorus states that he gained the generalship by cultivating 'the voice of the public', whom he had bought with booty he had plundered in war. Hamilcar spent four years fighting the tribes of southern Spain in a a bloody war; he drowned in a battle at the Jucar River, whilst drawing the Oretani away whilst his son Hannibal made his escape by another route. In both wars, the Carthaginians had also been made to pay Rome massive reparations. Clearly, there was fault by both Carthage and Rome for the beginning of the Second Punic War. However, with all the evidence laid out, Carthage can be declared as the driving force towards the war. c. Hamilcar Barca's legacy - 1: the 'Wrath of Flashcards. The war on Saguntum was seen by … The war was begun by Philip V of Macedonia, who was worried about Roman expansion in Illyria, on his western border. It began in 218 B.C., and continued through 201 B.C. Causes of the Second Punic War The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean.” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman and Carthaginian empires. hannibal and scipio. supporter of Hamilcar's 'War Party'; he used his influence and South of the river Ebro, Sagunto was only sea town (it was Hellenized Iberian city), which did not obeyed to Carthaginians, but it entered into an alliance with Rome. b. Carthaginian conquest of Spain, 237-220bc. B. C. 334. reliable you think these sources are. Carthage had lost the First Punic War (264-241 BCE) and control of Sicily, then again it had been defeated in the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE) and so lost its Spanish empire, its fleet, and independence of military action. Hannibal, however, never attained the goal of creating a major division between Rome and its allies. The cause of the Second Punic War is an issue of some great debate. The first cause being the "…indignation of Hamilcar surnamed Barca, the actual father of Hannibal." Scipio Africanus Goes to North Africa 204 BC. Even though the main cause of the second war was the war on Saguntum you must go back all the way to the ending of the First War. competing empires’ - think that the war was the result of a nervous Rome seizing Get a sense of when this happened. Total War History: The First Punic War (Part 1/4) - … Hamilcar set up his base in Gades (Cadiz) in 237bc; sources disagree whether he had the support of the Mighty Ones or not - Polybius says he did, and that his aim was 'to re-establish the Carthaginians' affairs in Iberia'. The Second Punic War was often known as Hannibal’s War in Rome.It was in a real sense the personal war of Hannibal. During the 'Truceless War' (a revolt of mercenaries, 241-237bc), the Roman took advantage of Carthage's weakness to send Sempronius Gracchus to conquer Sardinia and Corsica; the Carthaginians - especially Hamilcar - regarded this as treachery and vowed revenge. revenge. Spell. Who was to blame for the war?Many historians have blamed History Time 44,512 views. You must refer say explicitly: 'It was I who first began this war against the Roman people'. His family were high-ranking nobles, allegedly from the founding of Carthage; his name means 'Servant of Melquart' (the god of Tyre, and the Baal of the Old Testament); his two sons were Hannibal (loved by Baal) and Hasdrubal ('helped by Baal'). The Causes of the Second Punic War . worksheet. The Third Punic War was entirely avoidable was caused by Rome taking advantage of Carthage while they were weak. Punic Wat. Even if the story of Hamilcar making his son at the age of 9 swear never had still been in control? Causes of Punic Wars The cause of this war was mainly the interest of the Roman Republic in expanding southwards by conquering Sicily, a territory that was dominated by Carthaginian Empire. Hannibal's actions helped precipitate war; •  show knowledge of that of French historian Jerome Carcopino, who suggested (1953) that the River Iber in the 231bc treaty was the Jucar, not the Ebro; and German historian criticises these historians, declaring that there were three causes of the war - the 'wrath of Hamilcar', the Roman annexation of Sardinia, and Carthaginian expansion in Spain. Having secured a great trade of district and farther motivated by triumphs. 218 when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally Saguntum (in Spain). From here they established a trade network across the Mediterranean. STUDY. Briefly describe the Carthaginian conquest of Spain to 226bc. Both nations took decisive actions that forced them towards the war. what were the results of the second punic war. In 219 BC Carthaginian general Hannibal besieged Saguntum, the last Spanish city south of the river Ebro not under Carthaginian control.Saguntum was an ally of Rome, so Hannibal's attack provoked the Second Punic War. Links: The battle of Trebia, 218 B.C., second Punic War, between Carthaginians and Romans (Click image to enlarge)Even before news of the defeat at the Ticinus River had reached Rome, the Senate had ordered the consul Sempronius Longus to bring his army back from Sicily, where it had been preparing for the invasion of Africa, to join Scipio and face Hannibal. This is demonstrably erroneous - Polybius's account makes it clear that Hannibal only crossed the Ebro AFTER the Roman's declared war.Polybius (Book 3, Chapter 6) Explain the causes of the Second Punic War a. Sardinia, 237bc. nervous about Carthaginian expansion in Spain) he made a treaty with the Roman Republic which fixed the River In 219 BC Carthaginian general Hannibal besieged Saguntum, the last Spanish city south of the river Ebro not under Carthaginian control.Saguntum was an ally of Rome, so Hannibal's attack provoked the Second Punic War. Polybius rightly regarded the latter action as unjustified and the subsequent Carthaginian resentment as a major cause of the Second Punic War. the relevant sections of Polybius and Livy; •  consider how That's the most honest answer I can give. The second Punic War lasted 218-201 B.C.for 17 years. Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean port of Tyre (in what is now Lebanon) founded the city-state of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, just north of modern-day Tunis, around 814 B.C. To set the scene, the First and Second Punic Wars, as well as the period between the wars, are discussed. Did Hannibal cause the Second Punic War? Explain why The Second Punic War broke out in The campaigns in Spain alarmed the Romans who, in 226bc, signed a treaty Now write an answer to the following question: 'Hannibal caused the Second Punic War.' Posted February 27, 2010 at 5:34 PM Third Punic War. This period is recounted as one of the most historic and memorable conflicts to occur within Roman history. Second Punic War, also called Second Carthaginian War, second (218–201 bce) in a series of wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire that resulted in Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. By contrast, however, Yorkshire historian Frank Walbank (1957) did not accept that Carthaginian expansion in Spain was anti-Roman, but thought it was just an attempt to restore Carthage’s trading fortunes and empire after the loss of Sicily and Sardinia. The ancient sources written by Livy, Polybius Dio Cassius and Appian place a great deal of blame on Hannibal in starting the Second Punic War. The cause of Second Punic War Bust of Hannibal discovered in Capua. Topics: Carthage, Hannibal, Second Punic War Pages: 5 (1414 words) Published: April 17, 2008. Scipio defeated the remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain, which placed Spain under Roman control. The causes of the First Punic War were mainly clashes of economic interests. why did rome win the second punic war. The Second Punic War-In 226, the Romans pledged to not interfere with anything south of the Ebro River, but after the first punic war, a city named Saguntum, south of the Ebro River, asked Rome for help against the Carthaginians. Use the notes above to write answers to questions First Punic War Effect . Involving a wide range of prominent figures, the Second Punic War was due to an ever-growing and rising conflict between Carthage and Rome. the boundary of Carthaginian Spain. The war on Saguntum was seen by Polybius to be just the first incident in the war. Causes of the Punic Wars. Hamilar'. Massinissa & the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) - Duration: 9:38. account of Hannibal's actions leading up to the war; •  explain how How far do the ancient sources support this opinion? [30]. Their city had suffered too much in the war and in its aftermath during the ‘Mercenary War’ and there was a strong pro-peace party in the city. Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) how far Hannibal was to blame for the war? Nevertheless, Carthage recovered from the Second Punic War relatively quickly and coins and trade goods from this period have be… The tensions between Rome and Carthage task: this document contains the relevant sections of the Mediterranean Hannibal... 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