If the soil is contaminated, the plants cultivated on this soil are also contaminated. Soil pollution can have devastating effects on the environment, negatively impacting human, animal and plant health. Soil contamination. Even slightly contaminated soil can be harmful to human health. Even though some erosion is necessary, land pollution is causing an increase in this. Soil pollution is a reality today with as severe repercussions as water and air pollution. Effects of soil pollution. Contaminants in soils can also get infiltrated into groundwater and pollute them. In dry areas, contamination in soil can be further distributed through wind-borne dust. These can drastically impact life directly or indirectly. Effects of Soil Pollution Soil pollution can have a number of harmful effects on ecosystems and human, plants and animal health. Proper disposal of the chemical wastes, implementation of organic farming, recycling and reuse of the glass and plastics, and planting more trees might compensate for the amount of damage we have to the environment of the soil. Moreover, farm animals also consume these contaminated crops. soil-related issues, such as soil sealing, erosion and contamination, but the impacts of soil contamination on our health are not as well documented. Direct discharge of wastewater by industries can also cause that. Soil pollution is considered a hidden danger because it is a kind that is not easily visible, although its effects can be catastrophic. Soil acidification is the buildup of hydrogen cations, which reduces the soil pH.Chemically, this happens when a proton donor gets added to the soil. In the short term, exposure to chemicals in the soil can lead to headaches, nausea, fatigue and skin rashes at the site of exposure. Soil pollution can have severe public health effects. Its effects are of several kinds, … Its effects are becoming increasingly visible with each passing day, for instance, crop failure. Ecosystems. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. Effects of soil pollution. Rainwater or floods from other polluted lands and water bodies spread contaminants to soils in other locations. Bioaccumulation. contamination. Download Soil Pollution Cheat Sheet PDF. Erosion is when the topsoil is swept away by the actions of wind, water, ice or just gravity. Health effects . Since soil pollution is not a single permanent entity, its effects are in the form of water pollution and air pollution. Thus to conclude, we can only take initiatives to reduce the harmful effects of the soil pollution which we have infected in it. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. Crops and vegetation in general can be affected by contaminated soils. Soil contamination doesn’t involve a lot of mystery. Kennedy is a professional grant writer and nonprofit consultant. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Animals who then eat those plants, also humans, ingest all of the pollutants that accumulated in that pl… Hazardous chemicals in the soil can potentially wipe out living organisms in the soil. Moreover, the spread of antibiotics in the environment increases the pathogens' resistance to these drugs. The failure of plants to grow in turn affects animals and humans dependent on these plants for food and other needs. We are already beginning to see the longer-term trends and impacts of our industrial heritage and previous activities. Soil contamination is when the concentration of chemicals, nutrients, or elements in the soil becomes more than it naturally is, as a result of human action. Some soil contaminants increase the risk of leukemia, while others can lead to kidney damage, liver problems and changes in the central nervous system. These contaminants can find their manner into the human frame through numerous methods which include at once contacting the skin or through breathing in the contaminated soil or dust. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from earthworms to humans. Although lead and mercury may be found naturally in soil, high concentrations of either metal may cause damage to the developing brains of young children, which in turn may lead to neurological problems. After-Effects of Soil Pollution. By polluting the soil, in a way, we are destroying the foundation of the food chain. The most important effects of soil pollution according to IPBES and the FAO are indicated below: Damage to health. Chemicals used on soils reduce soil fertility so food production drops. The harmful effects of soil pollution may come from direct contact with polluted soil or from contact with other resources, such as water, that have come in direct contact with the polluted soil 2. Due to flood water, over-utilization of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and bacterial killers and excessive use of land due to multi-cropping system, so many distortions occur in the soil that it tends to lose its essential structure and element to maintain its fertility. Climate change. Polluted soil is also contaminating drinking water in the rivers and other sources of water through rain water. Soil pollution negatively affects the lives of humans, … Digging out the soils for treatment and disposal2. Plants usually show damage in a variety of ways, including visible signs of damage like necrotic lesion… Ideally, we would like our plastic, glass, metal and paper waste to end up at a recycling facility. 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